Cranial Maxillofac Trauma Reconstruction 2019; 12(02): 095-107
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1677696
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Anatomical Revelations in 1921 Kindled Operative Repair of the Orbit, Eyelids, and Periorbit over the Ensuing 100 Years: The Diuturnity of Ernest Whitnall (1876–1950) of Oxford, Montreal, and Bristol

Richard A. Pollock
1  University of Pittsburg Medical Center Pinnacle Lancaster, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
2  University of Pittsburg Medical Center Pinnacle Lititz, Lititz, Pennsylvania
,
M. Douglas Gossman
3  University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

15 November 2018

23 November 2018

Publication Date:
01 March 2019 (eFirst)

Abstract

Revelations of orbital, intraorbital, and periorbital anatomy by a single author in 1921 kindled attempts at operative repair of the orbit, eyelids, and periorbit over the ensuing 100 years. They are the lasting contributions—the diuturnity—of Samuel Ernest Whitnall (1876–1950) of Oxford, Montreal, and Bristol.