Cranial Maxillofac Trauma Reconstruction 2019; 12(02): 156-162
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1677723
Case Report
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Virtual Surgical Planning and Hardware Fabrication Prior to Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Atrophic Edentulous Mandible Fractures

Karl Daniel Maloney
1  Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Morristown Medical Center, Morristown, New Jersey
,
Torin Rutner
1  Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Morristown Medical Center, Morristown, New Jersey
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

08 August 2018

04 December 2018

Publication Date:
08 February 2019 (eFirst)

Abstract

Mandibular fractures are a common injury encountered by facial trauma surgeons. A majority of these cases are in dentate patients and can predictably be treated with several different open or closed techniques. Edentulous mandible fractures can be challenging as maxillomandibular fixation, either as the sole treatment or used for fracture reduction and stabilization prior to internal fixation, is not possible. The atrophic edentulous mandible fracture poses an even greater challenge, as there is more sclerotic bone present and less bone volume for bony contact, both of which can impair healing. In addition, with less bone mass, available plate adaptation and fixation are difficult. In recent years, virtual surgical planning (VSP) has been increasingly used in craniofacial and maxillofacial surgeries as well as in dentistry. Utilizing VSP to fabricate the necessary hardware prior to open reduction and internal fixation of atrophic edentulous mandible fractures can be helpful in treating these cases. Two cases where this method was used are presented.