Cranial Maxillofac Trauma Reconstruction 2019; 12(04): 266-270
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1679930
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

On the Court: A Comprehensive Analysis of Basketball Facial Trauma

Sammy Othman
1  Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
,
Jason E. Cohn
2  Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
,
Brian McKinnon
3  Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

01 December 2018

13 January 2019

Publication Date:
05 March 2019 (online)

Abstract

With basketball gradually becoming increasingly popular across the United States, it is necessary for health care providers to understand injuries associated with the sport. We aim to determine the incidence of basketball-related facial injuries and further describe their patterns with regard to age, mechanism of injury, and degree of injury. An analysis of emergency department visits under the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System was conducted from 2015 through 2017. Chi-squared testing (χ2) was performed to compare categorical variables. After a review of results, a total of 4,578 patients were included for analysis spanning a 3-year time period (2015–2017). Lacerations were the most common injury overall (57.9%). Nasal fractures were by far the most common fracture (76.1%), and elbows to the face and collisions with other players were the most common types of injury mechanisms (31 and 28.7%, respectively). Adolescents (aged 12–18 years) were the most frequently injured group (42.5%), although young adults (aged 19–34 years) were also frequently affected (30.1%). Basketball facial trauma remains a prominent issue. Our research, in correlation with previous research, shows that current precautions to injury are not widely observed or are ineffective to the extent of need for further reform. It thus becomes necessary to provide patient education and develop more practical methods for decreasing player injury.