Seminars in Plastic Surgery 2019; 33(02): 085-091
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1685476
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Surgical Orbital Anatomy

Shirley Hu
1  Department of Otolaryngology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New York
2  Department of Otolaryngology, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai, New York, New York
,
Patrick Colley
1  Department of Otolaryngology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New York
2  Department of Otolaryngology, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai, New York, New York
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
26 April 2019 (online)

Abstract

In this article, the anatomy of the orbit is reviewed, with a specific emphasis on surgical anatomy. A brief discussion of the ocular globe is also included. The orbits are pyramidal structures separating the upper and middle facial skeletons. The walls, apex, and base harbor several foramina and fissures as well as bony irregularities where various ligaments, muscles, and capsules attach. There are a variety of surgical approaches to the orbit, including the traditional transcutaneous and neurosurgical techniques and, more recently, minimally invasive, endoscopic approaches.